Events Calendar

09 Sep
Biostatistics Seminar: Xiaoyu Song (Mount Sinai) Cell-type-specific TWAS of breast cancer risk
Event Type

Lectures, Symposia, Etc.

Topic

Research

Target Audience

Faculty, Graduate Students

University Unit
Department of Biostatistics
Subscribe
Google Calendar iCal Outlook

Biostatistics Seminar: Xiaoyu Song (Mount Sinai) Cell-type-specific TWAS of breast cancer risk

Xiaoyu Song, DrPH

Assistant Professor

Department of Population Health Science and Policy

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

https://www.mountsinai.org/profiles/xiaoyu-song

Title: Cell-type-specific transcriptome wide association study of breast cancer risk

Abstract: Human mammary tissue is composed of multiple cell types with diverse roles in breast cancer etiology.  Prior transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) of breast cancer have utilized methods that predict gene expression at the bulk tissue level without considering cell-type composition heterogeneity. Here we propose MiXcan, a novel extension of PrediXcan that predicts cell-type specific gene expression levels, identifies disease-associated genes and provides insights into the responsible cell type(s) of the associations. Compared with PrediXcan, MiXcan predicts gene expression levels with higher accuracy in the presence of cell-type heterogeneity and maintains comparable performance in the absence of cell-specific effects. An application to breast cancer study identifies 82 genes in MiXcan and only 31 genes in PrediXcan associated with breast cancer risk at a 10% false discovery rate. Genes that are uniquely identified by MiXcan are more likely to associate with breast cancer risk in epithelial cells, or show association with breast cancer risk in epithelial and non-epithelial cells in opposing directions. These findings suggest that cell-type-specific TWAS may reveal new insights into the genetic and cellular etiology of breast cancer and other diseases.

Dial-In Information

Please email Jiebiao Wang (jbwang at pitt.edu) for Zoom info.

Thursday, September 9 at 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Virtual Event

Biostatistics Seminar: Xiaoyu Song (Mount Sinai) Cell-type-specific TWAS of breast cancer risk

Xiaoyu Song, DrPH

Assistant Professor

Department of Population Health Science and Policy

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

https://www.mountsinai.org/profiles/xiaoyu-song

Title: Cell-type-specific transcriptome wide association study of breast cancer risk

Abstract: Human mammary tissue is composed of multiple cell types with diverse roles in breast cancer etiology.  Prior transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) of breast cancer have utilized methods that predict gene expression at the bulk tissue level without considering cell-type composition heterogeneity. Here we propose MiXcan, a novel extension of PrediXcan that predicts cell-type specific gene expression levels, identifies disease-associated genes and provides insights into the responsible cell type(s) of the associations. Compared with PrediXcan, MiXcan predicts gene expression levels with higher accuracy in the presence of cell-type heterogeneity and maintains comparable performance in the absence of cell-specific effects. An application to breast cancer study identifies 82 genes in MiXcan and only 31 genes in PrediXcan associated with breast cancer risk at a 10% false discovery rate. Genes that are uniquely identified by MiXcan are more likely to associate with breast cancer risk in epithelial cells, or show association with breast cancer risk in epithelial and non-epithelial cells in opposing directions. These findings suggest that cell-type-specific TWAS may reveal new insights into the genetic and cellular etiology of breast cancer and other diseases.

Dial-In Information

Please email Jiebiao Wang (jbwang at pitt.edu) for Zoom info.

Thursday, September 9 at 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Virtual Event

Topic

Research

Target Audience

Faculty, Graduate Students

University Unit
Department of Biostatistics

Powered by the Localist Community Events Calendar ©